KILLER SCRUB TYPHUS

Here i am sharing some important information about disease KILLER SCRUB TYPHUS

Scrub typhus, also known as bush typhus, is a disease caused by a bacteria called Orientia tsutsugamushi. Scrub typhus is spread to people through bites of infected chiggers (larval mites). The most common symptoms of scrub typhus include fever, headache, body aches, and sometimes rash. Most cases of scrub typhus occur in rural areas of Southeast Asia, Indonesia, China, Japan, India, and northern Australia. Anyone living in or traveling to areas where scrub typhus is found could get infected.

Signs and Symptoms

Symptoms of scrub typhus usually begin within 10 days of being bitten. Signs and symptoms may include:

Scrub typhus eschar

Eschar at site of chigger

  • Fever and chills
  • Headache
  • Body aches and muscle pain
  • A dark, scab-like region at the site of the chigger bite (also known as eschar)
  • Mental changes, ranging from confusion to coma
  • Enlarged lymph nodes
  • Rash

People with severe illness may develop organ failure and bleeding, which can be fatal if left untreated.

Treatment

  • Scrub typhus should be treated with the antibiotic doxycycline. Doxycycline can be used in persons of any age.
  • Antibiotics are most effective if given soon after symptoms begin.
  • People who are treated early with doxycycline usually recover quickly.

Prevention

  • No vaccine is available to prevent scrub typhus.
  • Reduce your risk of getting scrub typhus by avoiding contact with infected chiggers.
  • When traveling to areas where scrub typhus is common, avoid areas with lots of vegetation and brush where chiggers may be found.

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